OUTWARD BOUND'S FOUNDERS

The Dreamer

The Provider

The Facilitator

Kurt Matthias Robert Martin Hahn

(5 June 1886 – 14 December 1974)

Lawrence Durning Holt

(17 November 1882 – 5 February 1961)

James Martin Hogan

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It was Hahn’s belief that every child is born with innate spiritual powers and ability to make correct judgments about moral issues. In the progression through adolescence, the child loses these spiritual powers and the ability to make moral judgments because of, what Hahn calls, the diseased society and the impulses of adolescence

As part of his concern for physical well-being he believed that every child has both a natural physical aptitude and a natural physical inaptitude. Both provide opportunities: one to develop strength and the other to overcome weakness.

This was the source of another of Hahn’s aphorisms, “There is more in you than you think.” Hahn’s goal was to provide an “ideal pasture” for these innate powers and abilities to manifest themselves. One of the pastures he created was Outward Bound.

Holt, was senior partner in the Liverpool-based Blue Funnel Shipping Line, a family owned business, and an admirer of Hahn’s ideas. Holt was so impressed by Hahn's exploitation of boys' allegedly natural urge for adventure that in 1941 he had given his financial support to courses intended to train young seamen in survival techniques.

Holt choose “Outward Bound” as the name of the new school. This nautical term describes a ship leaving the safety of the harbour, the certainties of home, and embarking on a bold adventure out at sea.

At the start of each Outward Bound expedition The Blue Peter nautical flag which indicates that a vessel is “outward bound.” is hoisted to symbolize that the journey has begun.

Hogan was a… who became the first warden of the first Outward Bound School at Aberdovey,in Wales. At an early stage in the evolution of the Outward Bound movement, a motto was sought which would capture and convey the spirit of Outward Bound’s mission.

Hogan adapted the last line of Tennyson’s poem Ulysses to the motto all Outward Bound schools still hold on to worldwide. “To serve, to strive and not to yield”